Banggai Regency in History
Banggai Regency is very closely related to the history of the Banggai Kingdom, therefore the discussion of the history of Banggai Regency cannot be separated from discussing the history of the Banggai kingdom. In addition, the history of Banggai Regency is very closely related to the history of the Dutch and Japanese Colonial Governments in the Banggai kingdom. Third, the history of Banggai Regency is closely related to the history of upheaval by the people of the Regency, to demand and fight for the formation of an autonomous region, through the “Regional Autonomy Struggle Agency” abbreviated as “BPOD” for Banggai Autonomous Region Level II (DASWATI).
The most prominent close relationship with the kingdom of Banggai is that the area of Banggai Regency based on Law Number 59 of 1959 dated 4 July 1959 concerning the Formation of the District of Dati II in Sulawesi, is the same area as the kingdom of Banggai. The Dutch government left its former colonies, among others, by forming the government administration of Afdeling Ooskost van Celebes (907) and Onderafdeling Banggai (1932), this administration was heavily used by the central government in drafting the Law on the establishment of the District of Dati II in Sulawesi.
Through the struggle of political figures, Banggai Youth and Student organizations and moral and material support from the 33rd Raja Banggai Head of State Administration (KPN), Thanksgiving Aminuddin Amir, a platform for the struggle for the formation of Banggai Regency was formed, namely BPOD. Members of the Banggai BPOD struggle include Djakaria Nurdin Religion (major ngopa of the Banggai kingdom / KPN), M.H. Wauranagai (PNI), A. Momor (PKI), Jan Posuma (PSII), Ahmad Mile (NU), Badarussalam (Masyumi), Abdul Azis Larekeng (Youth/Banggai Student). This team immediately fought for Makassar to face the Governor of Sulawesi Andi Prince Pettarani, then continued on to Jakarta to meet the Minister of Home Affairs Sunaryo, and met with success with the issuance of Law Number 59 of 1959 dated July 4 1959 concerning the Establishment of the District of Dati II in Sulawesi.
The total area of Banggai Regency is 9,672.70 km2 or around 14.22 percent of the total area of Central Sulawesi Province and the territorial sea area is 20,309.68 km2 and the coastline is 613.25 km long. The area of Banggai Regency consists mostly of mountains and hills, while the lowlands that exist are generally located along the coast.
Banggai Regency with the capital city of Luwuk until 2012 administratively consisted of 23 sub-districts 339 villages/wards. Based on the results of the 2010 population census by BPS, the population of Banggai Regency reached 323,872 people, consisting of 165,266 men and 158,606 women with a sex ratio of 104. The population growth rate is 0.45 percent per year, while the average population density is 31. souls/km2.
To go to Banggai Regency can be reached by land, sea or air transportation. From Palu City, the capital of the Province, to Luwuk, the capital of Banggai Regency, you can reach it by road using public transportation facilities, namely small and medium buses, or by chartered vehicles, covering the distance of Palu – Luwuk around 610 km, similarly from Makassar City it can be reached by land.
Aminuddin Amir Luwuk Thanksgiving Airport. Through air transportation, there are 4 airlines (Garuda, Sriwijaya Air, Wings Air and Express Air) which serve regular flight routes every day to Luwuk from Palu, Makassar and Manado.
Luwuk Harbour. Meanwhile, the entrance by sea is through Luwuk Port which is served by Pelni ships (KM.Tilong Kabila) with the Luwuk route to Makassar and Luwuk to Bitung City (Manado), as well as through Pagimana Port which is served by the ASDP ferry with the Pagimana-Gorontalo route. Luwuk is also the main access point for continued transportation to Banggai Islands Regency and Banggai Laut Regency which are served by ferries and people’s transport ships which are available every day.